The Violence Against Person’s Prohibition Act (VAPP) of Nigeria was passed in 2015 and has been domesticated in the following states:
|S/N||STATE||LEGISLATIVE STATUS (BILL)||EXECUTIVE STATUS (LAW)|
|1.||FCT||Passed||Assented to on 23rd May 2015|
|2.||Abia||Passed on 3rd December 2019||Assented to on 1st October 2020|
|3.||Adamawa||Passed on 1st March 2021||Awaiting assented|
|4.||Akwa-Ibom||Passed on 10th June 2019||Assented to on 19th June 2020|
|5.||Anambra||Passed in 2017||Assented in 2017|
|6.||Bauchi||Passed in May 2015||Assented in 2020|
|7.||Bayelsa||Passed on 17th February 2021||Awaiting Assent|
|8.||Benue||Passed on 26th May 2019||Assented to on 28th May 2019|
|9.||Borno||Passed on 14th October 2021||Assented to on 9th December 2021|
|10.||Cross Rivers||Yet to be passed||–|
|11.||Delta||Passed on 28th July 2020||Assented to on 7th October 2020|
|12.||Ebonyi||Passed on 1st May 2018||Assented to in May 2018|
|13.||Edo||Passed on 17th June 2021||Assented to on 5th August 2021|
|14.||Ekiti*||Passed the Ekiti state Gender-Based Violence (Prohibition) Amendment Law in 2019||–|
|15.||Enugu||Passed on 4th April 2019||Assented to in April 2019|
|16.||Gombe||Yet to be Passed||–|
|17.||Imo||Passed on 27th July 2021||Assented on 15th December 2021|
|18.||Jigawa||Passed on the 24th February 2021||Assented on 24th February 2021|
|19.||Kaduna||Passed in December 2018||Assented on 1st December 2018|
|20.||Kano||Yet to be passed||–|
|21.||Katsina||Yet to be Passed||–|
|22.||Kebbi||Passed on 30th September 2021||Awaiting Assent|
|23.||Kogi||Passed on 22nd March 2021||Awaiting Assent|
|24.||Kwara||Passed on 24th September 2020||Assented to on the 24th September 2020|
|25.||Lagos*||Passed the Protection Against Domestic Violence Law of Lagos state in 2007||–|
|26.||Nasarawa||Passed on 6th January 2021||Assented to on 21st January 2021|
|27.||Niger||Yet to be passed||–|
|28.||Ogun||Passed 17th January 2018||Assented to in 2018|
|29.||Ondo||Passed on 2nd July 2021||Assented to on 15th July 2021|
|30.||Osun||Passed on 12th August 2021||Assented to on 11th October 2021|
|31.||Oyo||Passed on 18th December 2020||Assented to on 26th February 2021|
|32.||Plateau||Passed on 24th December 2020||Awaiting assent|
|33.||Rivers||Passed on January 2020||Awaiting Assent|
|34.||Sokoto||Yet to be Passed||–|
|35.||Taraba||Yet to be Passed||–|
|36.||Yobe||Yet to be Passed||–|
|37.||Zamfara||Yet to be Passed||–|
* Lagos and Ekiti States have Protection Against Domestic Violence Law and Gender-Based Violence Prohibition Law respectively, and they have some of the provisions found in the VAPP
PROTECTION AGAINST DOMESTIC VIOLENCE LAW OF LAGOS STATE, 2007
The Protection Against Domestic Violence Law of Lagos State (2007) is Lagos-specific and was passed to provide protection against domestic violence and for connected purposes. The law offers protection to any person who is or has been subjected or allegedly subjected to an act of domestic violence.
EKITI STATE GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE (PROHIBITION) AMENDMENT LAW, 2019
The Ekiti State Government has harmonized existing GBV Laws for clarity and to ensure effective persecution of offenders. Specifically, a key provision of the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Law is included in the Ekiti State Gender-Based Violence (Prohibition) Law, 2019.
WHEN DOES A BILL BECOME AN ACT/LAW?
A Bill is said to have been “passed” if at the joint sitting of both Houses (Senate and House of representatives) at the Federal level; or House of assembly at the State level.
The bill is then presented to the President or the Governor as the case may be and once signed “assented to” (signed) it then becomes an Act / Law.
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